Name: __________________________ Date: _____________



1.
The two sources for the powers of the Texas government to govern are the
A.
U.S. Bill of Rights and the United Nations Charter.
B.
Texas Constitution and Texas's membership in the federal Union.
C.
Texas Constitution and the United Nations Charter.
D.
North American Free Trade Agreement and the U.S. Constitution.


2.
A system of government in which power is divided between a general government and associated regional governments is a(n)
A.
unitary system.
B.
confederate system.
C.
federal system.
D.
autocratic system.


3.
The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
A.
denies all powers to the states except for those specifically granted to them.
B.
makes no mention of the state governments.
C.
grants all undesignated powers to the federal government.
D.
reserves to the states or to the people those powers not delegated to the federal government.


4.
Article VI of the U.S. Constitution contains the
A.
Bill of Rights.
B.
full faith and credit clause.
C.
equal protection clause.
D.
national supremacy clause.


5.
Under the national supremacy clause of the U.S. Constitution,
A.
state laws take precedence over federal laws.
B.
federal laws and treaties enacted under the U.S. Constitution take precedence over state constitutions and laws.
C.
the federal Constitution, laws, and treaties take precedence over state laws, but are equal to state constitutions.
D.
the federal and state constitutions are equal, though state laws take precedence over federal laws.


6.
The regulation of commerce among the several states by the U.S. Congress is an example of a(n)
A.
delegated power.
B.
implied power.
C.
inherent power.
D.
reserved power.


7.
Article I, Section 8, Paragraph 18 of the U.S. Constitution contains a statement that has been used by Congress and the courts to expand the sphere of federal authority. It is known as the
A.
delegated powers clause.
B.
implied powers clause.
C.
inherent powers clause.
D.
reserved powers clause.


8.
In Texas v. White (1869), the U.S. Supreme Court found that
A.
the U.S. Constitution does not provide for states to leave the Union.
B.
states are required to give full faith and credit to the civil court decisions of the courts of other states.
C.
states must honor the debt of the national government should that entity ever be unable to repay it.
D.
English is the official language of the United States.


9.
Texas may divide into as many as five states under the terms of
A.
the Texas constitution.
B.
the congressional resolution admitting Texas into the Union.
C.
Article V of the U.S. Constitution.
D.
the Tenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.


10.
Texas is not guaranteed which of the following by the U.S. Constitution?
A.
protection against invasion
B.
territorial integrity—the state cannot be divided or combined with another state without its consent
C.
two members in the U.S. Senate and at least one member in the U.S. House of Representatives
D.
determining without interference the qualifications for voting


11.
Which situation would be covered by the full faith and credit clause of the U.S. Constitution?
A.
Texas recognizing a Louisiana marriage
B.
Texas returning a fugitive from Oklahoma
C.
Texas charging out-of-state tuition for a citizen of North Carolina attending a public college in Texas
D.
Texas granting a corporation domiciled in Mississippi the privilege of doing business in Texas


12.
A person commits an armed robbery in El Paso and then flees to Las Cruces, New Mexico. How would he be returned to Texas to face trial?
A.
The El Paso police would go to Las Cruces and pick him up.
B.
The Las Cruces police would bring him back to El Paso.
C.
The Texas governor would request the New Mexico governor to return the fugitive, to which the New Mexico governor would agree. El Paso and Las Cruces authorities would then arrange a mutually satisfactory transfer.
D.
Texas would prosecute the fugitive in the courts of New Mexico.


13.
The setting of the sales tax rate is an example of a(n)
A.
delegated power to the states.
B.
implied power of the states.
C.
inherent power of the states.
D.
reserved power of the states.


14.
What part of the U.S. Constitution provides that the citizen of one state is entitled to the same privileges and immunities of a citizen of another state?
A.
Article V
B.
Article IV
C.
the Fifth Amendment
D.
the Tenth Amendment


15.
State governments retain substantial authority over
A.
the operation of schools, the conducting of elections, and the enforcement of criminal laws.
B.
military preparedness, the operation of schools, and the conducting of elections.
C.
the value of the currency, foreign trade, and the conducting of elections.
D.
foreign relations, foreign trade, and the enforcement of the criminal law.


16.
According to a court decision in 1823, the “privileges and immunities” of citizenship do not include
A.
access to the courts.
B.
travel.
C.
government subsistence.
D.
acquisition of property.


17.
The trend in federal-state relations since the 1980s can best be described as the
A.
federal government assuming more financial responsibility for state programs.
B.
states assuming more responsibility for Social Security and Medicare.
C.
federal government transferring more responsibility to the states but reducing funding levels.
D.
states playing a larger role in the area of national defense.


18.
With the 2000 federal census, Texas elects how many members to the U.S. House of Representatives?
A.
2
B.
30
C.
32
D.
254


19.
How many amendments to the Texas Constitution were adopted between 1876 and 2005?
A.
27
B.
50
C.
439
D.
502


20.
The Texas Constitution is lengthy and detailed primarily because
A.
the U.S. Constitution requires that state constitutions be longer than the federal.
B.
Texas is a geographically large and populous state.
C.
the 1875 convention met for 11 weeks; had they adjourned sooner, the constitution would have been shorter.
D.
too much policy is spelled out in the constitution.


21.
In its capacity as fundamental law, the Texas Constitution should
A.
spell out the size and salary of the Legislature.
B.
create governmental institutions, assign them powers, and place limitations on them.
C.
determine the property tax rate.
D.
provide for revision once in each generation.


22.
The Texas Constitution can be described as
A.
one of the best constitutions ever written.
B.
a code of laws.
C.
a model based upon the national constitution.
D.
an example of Mexican influence.


23.
The constitution of 1836 was
A.
modeled on that of Mexico.
B.
Texas's first state constitution.
C.
the governing instrument for the Republic of Texas.
D.
unwritten.


24.
Texas joined the American federal Union in
A.
1836.
B.
1845.
C.
1861.
D.
1870.


25.
The 1845 Texas Constitution provided for all of the following except
A.
separate property rights for married women.
B.
protection of agricultural interests.
C.
protection of homesteads against forced sale for nonpayment of debt.
D.
abolition of chattel slavery.


26.
The principal historic event surrounding the Texas Constitution of 1861 was
A.
joining the American federal Union.
B.
joining the southern Confederacy.
C.
Reconstruction.
D.
a financial depression.


27.
The principal historic event shaping the 1866 Texas Constitution was
A.
joining the southern Confederacy.
B.
reinstatement in the American federal Union after the Civil War.
C.
seeking independence.
D.
state division.


28.
The 1866 Texas Constitution extended to African Americans the right to
A.
vote.
B.
hold public office.
C.
sue.
D.
testify against whites.


29.
The principal historic event surrounding the Texas Constitution of 1869 was
A.
joining the southern Confederacy.
B.
meeting the demands of Reconstruction.
C.
independence.
D.
Jacksonian democracy.


30.
The unpopular Reconstruction governor of Texas was
A.
Oran Milo Roberts.
B.
Richard Coke.
C.
“Oxcart” John M. Ireland.
D.
Edmond J. Davis.


31.
The 1869 Texas Constitution is best characterized by which statement?
A.
It was well written.
B.
It concentrated power in the counties.
C.
It centralized power.
D.
It made probable a corrupt administration of the Texas government.


32.
The Texas Grange
A.
dominated the Convention of 1868, which wrote the 1869 constitution.
B.
advocated large public subsidies to railways.
C.
supported a broad conception of African American political, economic, and social equality.
D.
advocated “retrenchment and reform”—a weak and cheap government.


33.
Political control of the 1875 Texas Constitutional Convention was in the hands of
A.
the Grange.
B.
the Republican Party.
C.
representatives of the interests of banking and railway corporations.
D.
supporters of the centralization of authority at the state level and the weakening of the counties.


34.
Which of the following provisions is found in the 1876 Constitution and could be characterized as a reaction against Reconstruction?
A.
requiring a system of voter registration
B.
four-year terms for elected officials
C.
an appointive judiciary
D.
repeal of compulsory school attendance laws


35.
A good description of the 1876 Texas Constitution would be that it is
A.
lengthy, confusing, and badly written.
B.
brief and tightly organized.
C.
easily understood by the average citizen.
D.
so badly written that Texas courts regularly ignore it.


36.
Because of the prevailing political philosophy among delegates in 1875, the Texas government may exercise
A.
any power it chooses.
B.
any power so long as it is not prohibited by the Texas Constitution.
C.
only those powers specified in the Texas Constitution.
D.
only powers defined by the Texas Supreme Court.


37.
Most constitutional amendments in Texas
A.
were pushed through by special interest groups.
B.
were surrounded by controversy.
C.
were necessary because state government could not meet a need.
D.
deal with economic issues.


38.
Two amendments adopted in 1999 and 2001 authorized
A.
the elimination of obsolete wording from the Constitution.
B.
counties to adopt home rule charters.
C.
the governor to use the National Guard to block illegal immigrants.
D.
the recall of unpopular elected officials.


39.
The governor's role in the constitutional amendment process
A.
is to initiate the proposal.
B.
includes the ability to veto the legislative proposal.
C.
is limited to the ability to use personal influence as to the outcome.
D.
is to set the date of the election.


40.
Constitutional amendments are voted on in elections called by
A.
the legislature.
B.
the governor.
C.
the secretary of state.
D.
the Texas election commissioner.


41.
The 1974 Constitutional Convention was hampered chiefly by
A.
the absence of strong political leadership.
B.
public apathy.
C.
an uncertain mission.
D.
lack of sufficient funds.


42.
The issue which derailed the 1974 Constitutional Convention was
A.
welfare funding.
B.
open beaches.
C.
right-to-work provisions.
D.
repeal of separate property laws for married women.


43.
“Right-to-work” means
A.
everyone is entitled to a state job.
B.
the prohibition of union organizing activities.
C.
the prohibition of any labor contract requiring all employees of a company to be members of a labor union—i.e., the prohibition of a union shop.
D.
requirements of “reasonable accommodations” for disabled workers.


44.
The constitution submitted by the legislature in April 1975 to the voters was
A.
twice as long as the 1876 Constitution.
B.
essentially the constitution that had failed by three votes in the convention the previous year.
C.
essentially the 1876 Constitution, though it was better organized and shorter.
D.
an unworkable document.


45.
The special election of 1975 on the proposed Texas Constitution resulted in
A.
overwhelming voter approval for the document.
B.
a 62 percent turnout of registered voters defeating the proposed constitution.
C.
defeat of all eight submissions with a low turnout.
D.
approval of four of the eight submissions and defeat of the other four.


46.
What type of election would allow voters to overturn a law passed by the legislature?
A.
Devolution
B.
Recall
C.
Initiative
D.
Referendum


47.
The principal means by which constitutional change has occurred in Texas since 1876 is
A.
judicial interpretation.
B.
legislative interpretation.
C.
custom and usage.
D.
constitutional amendment.


48.
The process for amending the Texas Constitution is proposal by
A.
two-thirds vote of the membership of both houses of the legislature and ratification by two-thirds popular vote.
B.
three-fifths vote of the membership of each house of the legislature and ratification by a simple majority of voters.
C.
two-thirds vote of the membership of each house of the legislature and ratification by a simple majority of all registered voters.
D.
two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and ratification by a simple majority of voters casting ballots on the amendment.


49.
Initiative elections
A.
seek to reduce popular control over the constitution.
B.
seek to enhance popular control over the constitution.
C.
were an integral part of the original 1876 Constitution but have never been used.
D.
have never enjoyed political support in Texas.


50.
The Texas Bill of Rights
A.
is shorter than that in the federal Constitution.
B.
contains a lower level of protection than does the federal Constitution.
C.
has been deleted from the Texas Constitution because most rights are now federally protected.
D.
contains a provision guaranteeing equal rights to women—something not found in the federal Constitution.


51.
Separation of powers
A.
is not found in the Texas Constitution.
B.
means a bicameral legislature.
C.
places the lawmaking, law-enforcing, and law-interpreting powers in distinct departments of government.
D.
has been rejected by American constitutional theory, though it is still found in the British unwritten constitution.


52.
Which Texas senator advocated constitutional revision in 1995?
A.
John Montford of Lubbock
B.
Bob Craddock of Midland
C.
Bill Ratliff of Mount Pleasant
D.
Rob Junell of San Angelo


53.
Voter turnout for amendments
A.
may reach 50 percent if there is enough controversy.
B.
is always around 40 to 50 percent.
C.
is low if it is not an economic issue.
D.
is always low.


54.
According to the textbook, the most disorganized segment of the Texas Constitution is that relating to
A.
the Legislature—Article III.
B.
voting—Article VI.
C.
revenue and taxation—Article VIII.
D.
local government—scattered through Articles III, V, VII, IX, XI, and XVI.


55.
In the American federal system, local governments are
A.
creatures of the states.
B.
creatures of the federal government.
C.
provided for in Article VIII of the U.S. Constitution.
D.
independent of both state and federal authority.


56.
According to Jose Roberto Juarez, Jr., an overlooked reason for Texans to revolt against Mexico was
A.
land reform.
B.
unfair taxation.
C.
language differences.
D.
ownership of water rights.


57.
Pamela Colloff's article discusses the case of Jane Doe v. Santa Fe School District, which dealt with the issue of
A.
school finance.
B.
firearms on school grounds.
C.
separation of church and state.
D.
dress codes.



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